Ice Age Animals in SW Rock Art
in Pleistocene Coalition News
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Refined thinking regarding Ice Age Animals in Rock Art

I stumbled into writing about my findings of Ice Age Animals depicted in Rock Art.

I have now had a number of years researching Ice Age animals and have refined my observations and thinking based on that research.

Mammoths were believed to have gone extinct 10,000 years ago. Now the latest findings show that Mammoths survived on St Paul Island until 5700 BP in addition to surviving on Wrangel island, Russia until 1700 BC (3700 BP).

 “Gomphothere Radiocarbon dating of charcoal flecks and burned bone found within the context of the fossils indicated a reliable age of 13,390 years. This made these two gomphotheres the last known gomphotheres in North America.”(fossils have been dated to as recently as 6,060 BP in South America)

 This animal was mistakenly thought to have been extinct long before the arrival of humans in North America, the same is most likely true for some species of Pronghorn antelope which are believed to have gone extinct before the arrival of humans in North America. Some of these pronghorn species and Ibex are not believed to have lived in this area either.

These extinction dates and areas of habitation are simply derived because bones and horns have not been found yet in these areas. Opossums, raccoons, squirrels, porcupines, chipmunks, mice, rats and any other animal that needs calcium eat antlers, horns, and bones.
Rodents chew on antlers for the mineral content and also because of their dentistry.
Rodent teeth grow continually so they need to chew to keep them worn down.

The truth is that this is a very murky area. Few animals are fossilized and few animal and human bones survive long periods. “If a body is exposed to water, insects, open air, or highly acidic soil, then bacteria and fungi will be able to invade that porous network, and seek out the proteins of the collagen within the bones, which causes those bones to break down and eventually crumble to dust!”

I feel that extinction dates and locations are just Educated Guesses.

I had read about and accepted that this species died out before the last ice age and that these species died out at the end of the last ice age. Now I realize that this simply isn’t true!

It is a generalization based on a limited sample of fossils and bones that happen to have been found to date.

Many species of pronghorn that are believed to have gone extinct before the end of the Pleistocene. However, rock art depictions appear to indicate that some of them may have survived much longer, to the end of the Pleistocene or later. Other images appear to confirm the presence of Ibex, Saiga Antelope, and other animals in Southern Utah and Arizona where they are not supposed to have lived.

How many other species survived much longer, in pockets in certain areas, than the dates that have been discovered in the fossil record to date? And I feel it is possible that non-recorded species of pronghorn antelope could have existed as well.

The Tetrameryx shuleri (Shuler’s pronghorn) is an extinct pronghorn which lived until 11,000 -12,000 years ago. Its existence is based on scant remains at 5 sites (possibly only 3 sites in Texas since horns were not found at the other 2 sites)! Therefore, it could easily have survived longer, and begs the question of how many other varieties existed which haven’t as yet been found? Some of these Antilocaprids that survived near the end of or after the end of the ice age may in fact be depicted in rock art despite an absence of fossil evidence.

These dates are only based on what has been found to date, and as you can see from the above discussion, these dates are constantly changing as new evidence becomes available. I submit that these petroglyphs should be considered new evidence!

Petroglyph and pictograph images appear to be a good indicator as to which animals existed or survived longer than is presently believed.

I accept that many other depictions of extinct animals were passed down through oral tradition but the detail of some pictographs and petroglyphs appear to indicate a personal intimate knowledge of these animals.  The inhabitants of this area were either familiar with them before these same people migrated here from Beringia, and or they lived with these animals in this area!

Articles by Ray Urbaniak in PC News:
 News item Ray Urbaniak:
-Recommended article: Aboriginal memories of inundation of the Australian coast dating from more than 7000 years ago (Issue 44)
-Recommended articles: Articles providing more evidence of oral histories passed down across millennia (Issue 45)

Fiction by Ray Urbaniak overview:

The Shaman and the Cult of Ogham Page 6



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